Okay guys I would like to seek opinions on the way to go with the ignition system.

The car (9193) is all original and I wanted to keep it that way but accessing the points is a pain as is removing the distributor ( P/N D3PE-12127-PA ). I pulled it to pre-oil the engine so I took a good look at the dual points. Not good with one of the oil felts bent over and dry.

From a long time ago I remember dual point distributors being a constant maintenance item. Always in need of adjustment after a short period. Not fun considering the poor Pantera access so maybe a pointless ( Petronix ) setup would be wise.  Trouble is I tried that on my TR6 and the damn thing failed twice. Once on the 405 and that sucked so I went back to a single point setup for reliability. So I have doubts on Petronix quality.

Next, I am unable to locate the correct point and condenser P/N's for the distributor. FD8285XV was what was installed but I want to be sure they are the correct points for the dist. Would really like to know the OEM ( Motorcraft )P/N and what oil to use on the felts. The quality of the aftermarket and new parts is not what it once was so maybe I could find an original point / condenser set. Also can't locate the initial gap to use before setting dwell. I don't even have a dwell meter but I could use a Fluke if I had to or buy one.

What do you guys think the smart call is ? I don't need a race car ignition and I sure don't want to be stuck on the 405 again. Performance while driving in LA is not as important as reliability. Here you could be shot or run over if your car breaks and slows other people down. I was lucky with the 405 break down. Don't want to go there in the Pantera.

Thoughts, info and or advise needed.

Thanks.

Original Post
Duraspark I or II.

Lots of info here.

Rocky

Only problem I have seen is you can burn up your coil or your Ignition Module if you leave the ignition on without the engine running, but that won't happen on the 405, it happens in your driveway....
With the energy to create a fat blue spark across a wider spark plug gap a good “breakerless” electronic ignition can ignite fuel air mixtures that a breaker point ignition never could. This reduces “misfires” which has several benefits including easier and faster starting, more low rpm torque, more horsepower at all rpm, fewer emissions and better fuel economy. The engine’s maintenance is reduced as there are no breaker points requiring periodic adjustment. Reducing misfires also makes an engine run smoother (less vibration) therefore a good electronic ignition reduces vibration and harshness. And since the forces causing vibration are destructive forces, reducing vibration means those destructive forces are reduced, improving the durability of the engine.

A Ford Duraspark ignition is reliable and tune-up parts are readily available. A Ford ignition will be preferred by those who favor factory parts over aftermarket parts. Although several Duraspark ignitions were manufactured, only two are of interest. The modules are visually identified and referred to by the color of the wiring “strain relief” where the wires exit the module. The two modules of interest are the “common application” Duraspark II version which has a blue “strain relief” and the high output Duraspark I version which has a red “strain relief”.

Choose a Duraspark II ignition for engines rev limited at 6200 rpm; the Duraspark II ignition is a fixed dwell ignition, it operates identical to breaker point ignitions in that aspect. Fixed dwell ignitions properly charge the coil over a narrow band of engine speed at mid-rpm; below that the coil is over-charged and above that the coil is under-charged. The ignition operates with 1.10Ω ballast resistance and 1.17Ω coil primary resistance; thus the coil operates on 7 volts. Spark plugs are gapped at 0.050 inch for Duraspark II.

Choose the high-output Duraspark I ignition for engines rev limited at higher rpm or if you prefer the best performing ignition regardless of the rev-limit. The Duraspark I coil operates at full voltage (i.e. no ballast resistance) and the coil has a very low 0.70Ω primary resistance. The charging of the coil is controlled by the ignition module which varies dwell angle based upon engine speed so that the coil charging “time” remains constant; this is known as dynamic dwell. Dynamic dwell charges the coil properly at all engine speeds, including high rpm; the coil is never over-charged or under-charged. Spark plugs are gapped at 0.060 inch for Duraspark I.
George,
I've been reading the "Performance Tuning" post and it's a gold mine of info for a Ford know nothing guy.
What ign. system are you running ?
I priced new duraspark I parts. About $600.00 for a complete setup. Sound right ?
BTW, looked at a photo of your ride. Talk about the silver bullet. Beautiful !

I don't like talking trash but if you read Petronix reviews on the Summit site there are more than a couple that said their's also failed. I never left the ignition on, it just failed.
The stuff being made today is not what was once made.
I say this as my 1956 Emmerson fan is keeping me cool.
Punky, don't spend much time fooling with your stock 'dual-point' distributor. ALL internals for Ford distributors interchange back to about 1959 and at least as far forward as 1988. So rip the thing out the easiest way possible (the rubber o-ring is likely stuck to the block) and use virtually any wrecking yard dizzy body with all your existing parts. It's possible to tailor the centrifugal advance curve, adjust vacuum advance and even use a Ford-built big-cap adapter on those stock bodies. Electronic innards fit inside, too.
quote:

Originally posted by Punkdog:

... What ign. system are you running ...



Duraspark I

Duraspark I was the best performing ignition Ford had manufactured up until the introduction of the TFI ignition in 1983. It is the best ignition choice for “high performance” applications, but the very existence of Duraspark I has never been common knowledge because it was only installed in cars sold in California during the years 1977 – 1979. Its use was limited because the cost of manufacturing the ignition modules was several times the cost of manufacturing the Duraspark II modules. Duraspark II became the common ignition upgrade for older Ford V8s simply because folks weren’t aware there was a better alternative.

Duraspark ignition modules and coils are sold by SMP; p.n. LX203 for the Duraspark II module and p.n. FD476 for the Duraspark II coil. Duraspark I ignition modules are p.n. LX210 and the Duraspark I coils are p.n. FD477. The modules use different coils so caution must be taken to pair each module with the proper coil. Duraspark II wiring harnesses are available via the aftermarket (Painless Wiring p.n. 30812), they can be employed for Duraspark I applications by (1) swapping the position of the green and orange wires at the 4 pin module connector, (2) removing the flat blade “key tab” from the 4 pin module connector, (3) removal of the extended “tab” from the Duraspark I coil tower so that the Duraspark II coil connector can slip on, and (4) omitting the ballast resistor included with the wiring harness (the Duraspark I coil operates at full voltage). A good ignition wire set is also available from SMP (p.n. 69404); Pantera owners will appreciate the fact that this ignition wiring set has coil wires in 3 different lengths.

A Motorcraft breakerless distributor which is compatible with all North American Cleveland engines and the early (i.e. 1972 – 1978) Australian Cleveland engines can be sourced from any 1975 through 1982 351M, 400, or 460 cubic inch Ford V8. Cleveland engines built in Australia from 1979 – 1984 were equipped with Bosch distributors having a smaller diameter distributor shaft; thus the diameter of the distributor shaft bore inside the block is too small for the shaft of a Motorcraft distributor.

The distributor calibration for most applications should be 20° centrifugal advance which begins advancing at 1000 rpm and is all in by 2800 rpm plus 18° initial advance for 38° total advance. A Ford distributor should be equipped with a “sleeve and plate assembly” marked 10L or 10R in order to limit it to 20° centrifugal advance. A sleeve and plate assembly with a wider “notch” can be modified to reduce the width of the notch; the proper notch width for achieving 20° centrifugal advance is 0.410 inch.

Engines equipped with pop-up dome pistons may require more than 38° total advance to achieve full output, in those instances the distributor should be calibrated for 26° centrifugal advance which begins advancing at 1000 rpm and is all in by 3300 rpm plus 14° to 18° initial advance for 40° to 44° total advance. A Ford distributor should be equipped with a “sleeve and plate assembly” marked 13L or 13R in order to limit it to 26° centrifugal advance; or a sleeve and plate assembly with a different “notch” width can be modified to adjust the width of the notch; the proper notch width for achieving 26° centrifugal advance is 0.488 inch.

The distributor’s vacuum advance should be connected to the carburetor’s “ported” vacuum connection; a vacuum retard connection (if provided) should remain opened to atmosphere. There are businesses, such as Ignition Engineering of Anaheim California (714-334-9143), which can rebuild and recalibrate distributors for you. There are also a couple of guys on the internet, eBay, etc that sell rebuilt & re-curved Ford distributors. I buy the modules & coils as new old stock off eBay. Everything else, i.e. wiring harness, cap, rotor, wires; are also available on eBay. The distributor and the wire harness are the expensive parts. $600 sounds about right for a package.
PUNKDOG; Just completed a Duraspark II installation on mine. With the aforementioned comments, its the way to go. Purchased a rebuilt Motorcraft distributor, the module, coil, wire set and distributor cap from the local NAPA store for less than $200. One compelling reason for the Duraspark II is availability should a part fail. I will not be searching for some exotic ignition system that cannot be readily sourced. Local auto parts stores typically carry the parts.
Additionally, just go to "Find" at the top of the posting and type in Duraspark and George's wiring schematic and installation instructions are at your finger tips.
I use Duraspark II with the small distributor cap on 5357. No issues with spark jumping.

I have also used the big cap distributor on 5357, with no interference problems. I went to the small cap distributor because everybody told me horror stories about how bad it was going to be, but I never saw any problem. Once I got the distributor and wires installed, there was no need to change back to the big cap.

Rocky
The big cap won't fit for me for two reasons. 1) there isn't enough room between the runners on the Weber intake manifold and 2)I have the firewall padded out with foam insulation 1-1/2" and the cap wouldn't clear that.

I thought there was a "sticky" on ignitions?

I don't remember having rpm limitations with the "II" but I changed that out to the Pantera-electronics ignition. That one you just set the rpm limiter on.
4V & all

The SMP p.n. AL-482 cap is designed for an International Harvester distributor made by Prestolite. The cap does indeed fit the Motorcraft distributor, although the locating method is a little flakey; i.e. a slot in the cap uses a vacuum advance screw as a locating tab. I have a NOS distributor in which the screw head is the right size and makes a nice snug fit. But I also have a rebuilt distributor in which the head of the vacuum advance screw is smaller, so the cap's location is not as secure, it has wiggle room.

The complementary rotor for the International Harvester cap, SMP p.n. AL-171 DOES NOT FIT the Motorcraft distributor. I've been meaning to check and see if the Ford small cap rotor (SMP p.n. FD-115) will work, just haven't done it yet. Until somebody figures out which rotor (if any) will work, I'd recommend the following parts:

4 inch diameter distributor cap with female terminals for 1976 breakerless ignitions SMP p.n. FD-149
Complementary rotor for the 4 inch diameter distributor cap SMP p.n. FD-115
1976 ignition wire set for the distributor cap with female terminals SMP p.n. 7815
(note: Ford began using the 5 inch diameter cap in 1977)

The small cap is 4 inches diameter, the big cap is 5 inches diameter, so using the small cap gives 1/2 inch additional clearance. It might be helpful if we knew the chassis numbers of the Panteras that can't use the larger cap. Are they all Pre-L? Or are the issues intake manifold clearance like Doug mentioned?
quote:
Originally posted by 4V & Proud:
there's a small cap with male HEI terminals Standard Motor Products AL482, it can be found with both brass and aluminum terminals


Yes, that's the one. Found that about 20 years ago. It has been a dependable cap. It IS an International Harvester application. It's all by itself in the "parts books". A mid- '70s 350 engine as I recall?

It depends on how you want to do your wires though. If you want female cap terminals then the standard Ford/Motorcraft works fine.


The brass terminal cap is the one that you want though. The thickness of the cap itself is more substantial with it.

I suppose one is heavy duty, brass, and the other "standard", aluminum?

Make sure that you get the matching rotors with the cap.

You need to look at where the retaining clips lock to the cap as well. Make sure that they are going to lock firmly into the notches for the clips. It can be a little funky there.
quote:

Originally posted by nor'easter:

... Has anybody used a Duraspark ignition with the small cap? Any crossfire/misfire issues ...



I would be surprised to hear of cross-firing caused by the smaller diameter cap. As long as the engine is in a good state of tune, and the plugs and ignition wires are in good condition it shouldn't be a concern. The ignition shall only “cross-fire” when doing so provides a path to ground that is easier to travel than following the proper path to ground would be. When these ignitions were new they were igniting some very lean air/fuel mixtures diluted with exhaust gas (EGR), thus the engineers were rightfully concerned about cross-firing. If your engine is equipped with a carburetor or fuel injection system providing a better air/fuel mixture, and/or if the EGR has been misplaced sometime during the last 40 years, the concern for cross-firing is greatly reduced.

The 1976 Ford breakerless ignition was basically the same ignition as the 1977 Duraspark II ignition, yet it was factory equipped with a 4 inch cap (made from a new blue material that was supposedly more high voltage resistant).

Here's an excerpt of the Cleveland Symphony, performing "The Charge of the Rhino", for your entertainment on a Tuesday evening:

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